Improved lattice Boltzmann without parasitic currents for Rayleigh-Taylor instability

D. Chiappini, G. Bella, S. Succi, F. Toschi, S. Ubertini

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54 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Over the last decade the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) has gained significant interest as a numerical solver for multiphase flows. However most of the LB variants proposed to date are still faced with discreteness artifacts in the form of spurious currents around fluid-fluid interfaces. In the recent past, Lee et al. have proposed a new LB scheme, based on a higher order differencing of the non-ideal forces, which appears to virtually free of spurious currents for a number of representative situations. In this paper, we analyze the Lee method and show that, although strictly speaking, it lacks exact mass conservation, in actual simulations, the mass-breaking terms exhibit a self-stabilizing dynamics which leads to their disappearance in the long-term evolution. This property is specifically demonstrated for the case of a moving droplet at low-Weber number, and contrasted with the behaviour of the Shan-Chen model. Furthermore, the Lee scheme is for the first time applied to the problem of gravity-driven Rayleigh-Taylor instability. Direct comparison with literature data for different values of the Reynolds number, shows again satisfactory agreement. A grid-sensitivity study shows that, while large grids are required to converge the fine-scale details, the large-scale features of the flow settle-down at relatively low resolution. We conclude that the Lee method provides a viable technique for the simulation of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities on a significant parameter range of Reynolds and Weber numbers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-444
Number of pages22
JournalCommunications in Computational Physics
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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