On-site boundary conditions are often desired for lattice Boltzmann simulations of fluid flow in complex geometries such as those of porous media or microfluidic devices. The possibility of specifying the exact position of the boundary, independently of other simulation parameters, simplifies the analysis of the system. For practical applications it should allow one to freely specify the direction of the flux, and it should be straightforward to implement in three dimensions. Furthermore, especially for parallelized solvers, it is of great advantage if the boundary condition can be applied locally, involving only information available on the current lattice site. We meet this need by describing in detail how to transfer the approach suggested by Zou and He to a D3Q19 lattice. The boundary condition acts locally, is independent of the details of the relaxation process during collision and contains no artificial slip. In particular, the case of an on-site no-slip boundary condition is naturally included. We test the boundary condition in several setups and confirm that it can be used to accurately model the velocity field up to second order and does not contain any numerical slip.
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Journal of Statistical Mechanics : Theory and Experiment|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|