Imperative versus declarative process modeling languages : an empirical investigation

P. Pichler, B. Weber, S. Zugal, J. Pinggera, J. Mendling, H.A. Reijers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Streams of research are emerging that emphasize the advantages of using declarative process modeling languages over more traditional, imperative approaches. In particular, the declarative modeling approach is known for its ability to cope with the limited flexibility of the imperative approach. However, there is still not much empirical insight into the actual strengths and the applicability of each modeling paradigm. In this paper, we investigate in an experimental setting if either the imperative or the declarative process modeling approach is superior with respect to process model understanding. Even when task types are considered that should better match one or the other, our study finds that imperative process modeling languages appear to be connected with better understanding.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBusiness Process Management workshops : BPM 2011 international workshops, Clermont-Ferrand, France, August 29, 2011, revised selected papers, part I
EditorsF. Daniel, K. Barkaoui, S. Dustdar
Place of PublicationBerlin
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-28107-5
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Business Information Processing
ISSN (Print)1865-1348


Dive into the research topics of 'Imperative versus declarative process modeling languages : an empirical investigation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this