This study investigated the operation of gold as a potential substitute for the platinum promoter in the Co/Al2O3Fischer–Tropsch catalyst. Au–Co/Al2O3was tested in conjunction with a model Hybrid Au–Co sample (comprised of a mechanical mixture of Au/Al2O3 + Co/Al2O3) to investigate hydrogen spillover which has been demonstrated to play a vital role in the reduction promotion mechanism. TPR, TGA and in situ XRD provided evidence to support the improved reducibility of supported cobalt oxide crystallites in Au–Co/Al2O3. However, no improvement in the reducibility of the Hybrid Au–Co catalyst was observed, in contrast to previous studies on noble metal reduction promoters. It was hypothesized that even though gold-to-cobalt spillover occurred during reduction in Au–Co/Al2O3, the great separation between the gold and cobalt crystallites, combined with gold's much lower affinity for hydrogen activation adversely affected the efficiency of the spillover process in the hybrid sample. Nevertheless, Au–Co/Al2O3had an improved mass-based activity, and a turnover frequency comparable to a platinum promoted sample, which highlighted the potential of gold as a reduction promoter for Co/Al2O3catalysts.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2016|
- Hybrid catalysts
- Hydrogen spillover
- In situ XRD