Hydrogen spillover in the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis: an analysis of gold as a promoter for cobalt–alumina catalysts

Doreen Nabaho, J. W.(Hans) Niemantsverdriet, Michael Claeys, Eric van Steen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study investigated the operation of gold as a potential substitute for the platinum promoter in the Co/Al2O3Fischer–Tropsch catalyst. Au–Co/Al2O3was tested in conjunction with a model Hybrid Au–Co sample (comprised of a mechanical mixture of Au/Al2O3 + Co/Al2O3) to investigate hydrogen spillover which has been demonstrated to play a vital role in the reduction promotion mechanism. TPR, TGA and in situ XRD provided evidence to support the improved reducibility of supported cobalt oxide crystallites in Au–Co/Al2O3. However, no improvement in the reducibility of the Hybrid Au–Co catalyst was observed, in contrast to previous studies on noble metal reduction promoters. It was hypothesized that even though gold-to-cobalt spillover occurred during reduction in Au–Co/Al2O3, the great separation between the gold and cobalt crystallites, combined with gold's much lower affinity for hydrogen activation adversely affected the efficiency of the spillover process in the hybrid sample. Nevertheless, Au–Co/Al2O3had an improved mass-based activity, and a turnover frequency comparable to a platinum promoted sample, which highlighted the potential of gold as a reduction promoter for Co/Al2O3catalysts.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)27-34
    Number of pages8
    JournalCatalysis Today
    Volume275
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

    Keywords

    • Gold
    • Hybrid catalysts
    • Hydrogen spillover
    • In situ XRD
    • Platinum
    • TGA

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