Hydraulic fracturing in anisotropic and heterogeneous rocks

V. Valliappan, J.J.C. Remmers, A. Barnhoorn, D.M.J. Smeulders

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we present a two dimensional model for modelling the hydraulic fracture process in anisotropic and heterogeneous rocks. The model is formulated using extended finite elements (XFEM) in combination with Newton-Raphson method for spatial and Euler's implicit scheme for time. The fracture is modelled with the help of cohesive zone method (CZM). Anisotropy arising due to orientation of grains in a specific direction in rocks is modelled to understand the influence of the degree of anisotropy and the grain orientation direction on fracture propagation. A combination of Tsai-Hill failure criterion and Camacho-Ortiz propagation criteria is used to predict mixed mode fracture propagation in anisotropic media. Effect of heterogeneities due to material inclusions, on fractures are modelled.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPoromechanics 2017 - Proceedings of the 6th Biot Conference on Poromechanics, 9-13 July 2017, Paris, France
Place of Publications.l.
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480779
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event6th Biot Conference on Poromechanics - Ecole des Ponts ParisTech and IFSTTAR, Paris, France
Duration: 9 Jul 201713 Jul 2017


Conference6th Biot Conference on Poromechanics
Abbreviated titleBIOT 6
OtherA tribute to Olivier Coussy
Internet address


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