Hurdles for sport consumption? determining factors of household sports expenditure

E. Thibaut, S.B. Vos, J. Scheerder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


The purpose of this article is to explore the determining factors of household expenditures on sports participation. Due to a relatively large amount of zero-expenditures, simple regression methods are not suited. Because of methodological reasons, the two-step Heckman approach is used over the Tobit approach and the Double Hurdle approach. The participation decision (spend money or not) is influenced by sports participation of the parents, family income, education, sports club membership, and sports frequency. Determining factors of the intensity decision (amount of money that is spent on sports participation) are family income, sports participation of parents during their youth, sports club membership, sports frequency, age of youngest child, and household size. Moreover, the results indicate that a two-stage approach is needed because it gives a more in-depth insight in the household spending behavior. For example, higher educated households more often spend money on sports participation. However, this research demonstrates that once higher educated households have decided to spend money on sports participation, the amount of money spent does not differ from lower educated households
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-454
JournalSport Management Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Hurdles for sport consumption? determining factors of household sports expenditure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this