How to put through your agenda in collective binary decisions

N. Alon, R. Bredereck, J. Chen, S. Kratsch, R. Niedermeier, G.J. Woeginger

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Abstract

We consider the following decision scenario: a society of voters has to find an agreement on a set of proposals, and every single proposal is to be accepted or rejected. Each voter supports a certain subset of the proposals–the favorite ballot of this voter–and opposes the remaining ones. He accepts a ballot if he supports more than half of the proposals in this ballot. The task is to decide whether there exists a ballot approving a set of selected proposals (agenda) such that all voters (or a strict majority of them) accept this ballot. On the negative side both problems are NP-complete, and on the positive side they are fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the total number of proposals or with respect to the total number of voters. We look into further natural parameters and study their influence on the computational complexity of both problems, thereby providing both tractability and intractability results. Furthermore, we provide tight combinatorial bounds on the worst-case size of an accepted ballot in terms of the number of voters.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5
Number of pages28
JournalACM Transactions on Economics and Computation
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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