Purpose: The goal of the study was to review current literature regarding the diagnosis of equivocal (50–70%) iliofemoral artery stenosis and compare these findings with the daily practice of an international panel of endovascular experts. Methods: The Medline Database was searched for relevant publications, and an electronic survey was sent to experts in the field covering the following topics: definition of an equivocal iliofemoral artery stenosis, angiographic visualization and investigation protocols of an equivocal stenosis, intra-arterial pressure measurements, and definition of hemodynamic significance of an equivocal iliofemoral artery stenosis using a physiologic measure. Results: Of the 37 invited endovascular experts, 21 (53.8%) agreed to participate in the survey. Analysis of existing literature shows that the level of evidence for diagnosing equivocal iliofemoral artery stenosis is mediocre and is not being implemented by experts in the field. Conclusion: Studies have shown that a stenosis of between 50% and 70% iliofemoral lumen diameter reduction shows a wide range of trans-stenotic pressure gradients. Equivocal iliofemoral artery stenosis can best be identified using three-dimensional quantitative vascular analysis software. Although evidence for a clear hemodynamic cutoff point is weak, performing trans-lesion intra-arterial pressure measurements at rest and during maximal hyperemia is preferred. Diagnosing iliofemoral artery stenosis solely on lumen diameter reduction is inadequate.
- equivocal stenosis
- hemodynamic significance
- iliofemoral artery stenosis
- Peripheral arterial occlusive disease
- pressure measurements