Hopping conduction and possible Coulomb gap effects in manganese and zinc ferrous ferrite

P.J. Phillips, T.E. Whall, V.A.M. Brabers

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Electrical conductivity and thermopower measurements have been made on zinc and manganese ferrous ferrite, ZnxFe3-xO4 and MnxFe3 -xO4 with 0 = X <1, in the temperature range 100–300 K. The results for X <0.5 are tentatively interpreted in terms of the formation of a Coulomb gap at low temperatures in an energy band of localized states. For X = 0.5 the electrical conductivity is symptomatic of nearest-neighbour hopping, and the thermopower varies as In c where c=(1 - X)/2. The energy bandwidth of conduction states has been extracted from the thermopower and electrical conductivity data and is shown to be roughly proportional to the standard deviation of the Zn and Mn distributions [X(1 - X)1/2. A polaron contribution to the conductivity activation energy of approximately 0.03 eV at room temperature has been deduced for Mn0.8Fe2.2O4 and Mn0.8Fe2.1O4.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-39
Number of pages17
JournalPhilosophical Magazine B : physics of condensed matter, statistical mechanics, electronic, optical and magnetic properties
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1995


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