Hole transport in the organic small molecule material α-NPD : evidence for the presence of correlated disorder

S.L.M. Mensfoort, van, V. Shabro, R.J. Vries, de, R.A.J. Janssen, R. Coehoorn

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Abstract

In this paper the hole mobility in the amorphous small molecule material N,N'-bis(1-naphthyl)-N,N'-diphenyl-1,1'-biphenyl-4,4'-diamine (a-NPD), which is frequently used in organic light-emitting diodes, is studied. From an analysis of the temperature and layer thickness dependence of the steady-state current density in sandwich-type a-NPD-based hole-only devices, it is found that a conventional mobility model assuming a Poole–Frenkel type field dependence and neglecting the carrier density dependence is not appropriate. Consistent descriptions with equal quality are obtained within the framework of two forms of the Gaussian disorder model (GDM and CDM), within which the presence of energetic disorder is described by a Gaussian density of states and within which spatial correlations between the site energies are absent or are included, respectively. Both models contain a carrier density dependence of the mobility. Based on a comparison of the site densities as obtained from both models with the molecular density, we argue that the analysis provides evidence for the presence of correlated disorder.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113710
Pages (from-to)113710-1/8
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume107
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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