We aimed to compare HLA-DQB1-associations in narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) patients with disease onset before and after the 2009 H1N1 pandemic in a large Dutch cohort. 525 NT1 patients and 1272 HLA-DQB1*06:02-positive healthy controls were included. Because of the discussion that has arisen on the existence of sporadic and post-H1N1 NT1, HLA-DQB1-associations in pre- and post-H1N1 NT1 patients were compared. The associations between HLA-DQB1 alleles and NT1 were not significantly different between pre- and post-H1N1 NT1 patients. Both HLA-DQB1-associations with pre- and -post H1N1 NT1 reported in recent smaller studies were replicated. Our findings combine the results of studies in pre- and post-H1N1 NT1 and argue against considering post-H1N1 NT1 as a different entity.
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