Highly efficient metal grating coupler for membrane-based integrated photonics

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Abstract

We present the design of a metal grating coupler compatible with membrane photonic circuit platforms, consisting of a buried metal grating and a metal mirror. A nonapodized design provides a fiber-to-chip coupling efficiency at 1.55 µm up to 73%, whereas apodized designs show theoretical efficiencies as high as 89%, with a 3 dB bandwidth of 61 and 78 nm, respectively. An important advantage is that the coupling efficiency is independent from the underlying layer stack, enabling its use in diverse applications. For example, a thin buffer layer is required to achieve optical coupling for the heterogeneous integration of III–V and silicon photonics, whereas a thick buffer is of interest for thermal isolation between photonic membranes and CMOS circuits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2786-2789
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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