High-Tc SQUID based gradiometer cooled by a cryotiger gas-mixture cooler

A.P. Rijpma, H.J.M. Brake, ter, H.J. Holland, H. Rogalla

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


    We investigated the feasibility of a high-Tc SQUID system for fetal magnetocardiog. aiming at a system without a magnetically shielded room and cooled by a cryocooler. For demonstration purposes, we have selected the APD-Cryotiger, a gas-mixt. Joule-Thomson type cooler. We use an alumina SQUID holder that contains three high-Tc primary measurement SQUIDs and two ref. SQUIDs. The three primary SQUIDs can be combined electronically into a second-order gradiometer with 6 cm baseline. Test expts. performed in a magnetically shielded room revealed a significant noise contribution arising from the cooler. Because this noise contribution decreases with increasing distance to the cooler cold head, we expect the source to be located in this cold head, most probably due to remanent magnetization. Because of the large field gradient in this remanent field, a second-order gradiometer configuration is dominated by the cooler noise. As an alternative, we formed a first-order gradiometer of the bottom SQUID and the middle SQUID, and cor. for the cooler noise in it by means of the first-order gradiometer output obtained from the middle SQUID and the top SQUID. In this set up, adult magneto cardiograms were successfully recorded. Outside the magnetically shielded room, however, second-order gradiometer operation is required. Therefore, we attempt to identify the source of the noise contribution in order to be able to remove it from the system. In the paper, the demonstrator set-up is described and exptl. results are presented and discussed. [on SciFinder (R)]
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCryocoolers 12
    EditorsR.G. Ross
    Place of PublicationNew York
    ISBN (Print)978-0-306-47714-0
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


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