High-fluence and high-flux performance characteristics of the superconducting Magnum-PSI linear plasma facility

H.J.N. van Eck (Corresponding author), G.R.A. Akkermans, S. Alonso van der Westen, D.U.B. Aussems, M. van Berkel, S. Brons, I.G.J. Classen, H.J. van der Meiden, T.W. Morgan, M.J. van de Pol, J. Scholten, J.W.M. Vernimmen, E.G.P. Vos, M.R. de Baar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


The Magnum-PSI facility is unique in its ability to produce and even exceed the heat and particle fluxes expected in the divertor of a fusion reactor, combined with good access to the plasma-material interaction region for diagnostics and relatively easy sample manipulation. In addition, it is possible to study the effects of transient heat loads on a plasma-facing surface, similar to those expected during so called Edge Localized Modes. By virtue of a newly installed superconducting magnet, Magnum-PSI can now maintain these conditions for hours on end for truly long term tests of candidate plasma facing materials. The electron density and temperature in the plasma beam center as a function of different magnetic fields up to 1.6 T, gas flow and source current are determined: particle fluxes greater than 10 25 m −2 s −1 and heat fluxes of up to 50 MW m −2 are obtained. Linear regression and artificial neural network analysis have been used to gain insight in the general behavior of plasma conditions as a function of these machine settings. The plasma conditions during transient plasma heat loading have also been determined. These capabilities are now being exploited to reach fluence of up to 10 30 particles m −2 at ITER-relevant conditions, equivalent to a significant fraction of the divertor service lifetime for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • Artificial neural network analysis
  • Divertor
  • Edge localized modes
  • High heat flux
  • Linear plasma devices
  • Plasma-surface interactions


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