High-coherence electron bunches produced by femtosecond photoionization for ultrafast electron diffraction experiments

W.J. Engelen, D.J. Bakker, E.J.D. Vredenbregt, O.J. Luiten

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

Abstract

With the development of ultrafast electron and x-ray sources it is becoming possible to study structural dynamics with atomic-level spatial and temporal resolution (i.e. 0.1 nm and 0.1 ps). Because of their short mean free path, electrons are well suited for investigating thin films, such as protein membranes. However, current electron sources have insufficient intensity or coherence to perform single-shot experiments on protein crystals. We developed an ultracold electron source, based on near-threshold photoionization of laser-cooled atoms, for producing pulses of high intensity and high coherence. We show that high coherence electron pulses can be produced by femtosecond photoionization, opening up a new regime of single-shot ultrafast structural dynamics experiments. The transverse coherence turns out to be much better than expected on the basis of the large bandwidth of the femtosecond ionization laser. This result can be explained by analysis of classical electron trajectories.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPresentation at the Physics@FOM Veldhoven, 22-23 januari 2013, Veldhoven, The Netherlands
Place of PublicationUtrecht
PublisherStichting FOM
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventPhysics@FOM Veldhoven 2013 - Koningshof, Veldhoven, Netherlands
Duration: 22 Jan 201323 Jan 2013

Conference

ConferencePhysics@FOM Veldhoven 2013
CountryNetherlands
CityVeldhoven
Period22/01/1323/01/13

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