We present a heavy traffic analysis of a single-server polling model, with the special features of retrials and glue periods. The combination of these features in a polling model typically occurs in certain optical networking models, and in models where customers have a reservation period just before their service period. Just before the server arrives at a station there is some deterministic glue period. Customers (both new arrivals and retrials) arriving at the station during this glue period will be served during the visit of the server. Customers arriving in any other period leave immediately and will retry after an exponentially distributed time. As this model defies a closed-form expression for the queue length distributions, our main focus is on their heavy-traffic asymptotics, both at embedded time points (beginnings of glue periods, visit periods, and switch periods) and at arbitrary time points. We obtain closed-form expressions for the limiting scaled joint queue length distribution in heavy traffic. We show that these results can be used to accurately approximate the performance of the system for the complete spectrum of load values by use of interpolation approximations.
- Heavy traffic
- polling model