Heavy-duty diesel engine spray combustion processes: experiments and numerical simulations

Noud Maes, Nico Dam, Bart Somers, Tommaso Lucchini, Gianluca D'Errico, Gilles Hardy

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A contemporary approach for improving and developing the understanding of heavy-duty Diesel engine combustion processes is to use a concerted effort between experiments at well-characterized boundary conditions and detailed, high-fidelity models. In this paper, combustion processes of n-dodecane fuel sprays under heavy-duty Diesel engine conditions are investigated using this approach. Reacting fuel sprays are studied in a constant-volume pre-burn vessel at an ambient temperature of 900 K with three reference cases having specific combinations of injection pressure, ambient density and ambient oxygen concentration (80, 150 & 160 MPa - 22.8 & 40 kg/m3-15 & 20.5% O2). In addition to a free jet, two different walls were placed inside the combustion vessel to study flame-wall interaction. Experimentally, low- and high-temperature reaction product distributions are imaged simultaneously using single-shot planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of formaldehyde and high-speed line-of-sight imaging of the chemically-excited hydroxyl radical (OH). Interference of soot incandescence in experimental OH∗ recordings is assessed to improve interpretation of the results. Interference by poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) LIF and soot radiation is mostly evaded by evaluating flame structures shortly after ignition for one of the studied cases, but presumably included in others. Simulations were performed using a recently developed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodology with detailed chemistry and turbulence-chemistry interaction. Apart from the capability to model flame structures and combustion indicators based on optical diagnostics, heat-release rate trends are predicted accurately at varying boundary conditions. Significant variation in the distribution of low-temperature combustion products under heavy-duty operating conditions are explained using both CFD simulations and a one-dimensional jet model.

Fingerprint

Diesel engines
Computer simulation
Soot
Experiments
Computational fluid dynamics
Boundary conditions
Temperature
Aromatic hydrocarbons
Reaction products
Formaldehyde
Ignition
Turbulence
Fluorescence
Imaging techniques
Radiation
Oxygen
Lasers

Cite this

@article{191a39bc63b04f179b8d365e455412a5,
title = "Heavy-duty diesel engine spray combustion processes: experiments and numerical simulations",
abstract = "A contemporary approach for improving and developing the understanding of heavy-duty Diesel engine combustion processes is to use a concerted effort between experiments at well-characterized boundary conditions and detailed, high-fidelity models. In this paper, combustion processes of n-dodecane fuel sprays under heavy-duty Diesel engine conditions are investigated using this approach. Reacting fuel sprays are studied in a constant-volume pre-burn vessel at an ambient temperature of 900 K with three reference cases having specific combinations of injection pressure, ambient density and ambient oxygen concentration (80, 150 & 160 MPa - 22.8 & 40 kg/m3-15 & 20.5{\%} O2). In addition to a free jet, two different walls were placed inside the combustion vessel to study flame-wall interaction. Experimentally, low- and high-temperature reaction product distributions are imaged simultaneously using single-shot planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of formaldehyde and high-speed line-of-sight imaging of the chemically-excited hydroxyl radical (OH). Interference of soot incandescence in experimental OH∗ recordings is assessed to improve interpretation of the results. Interference by poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) LIF and soot radiation is mostly evaded by evaluating flame structures shortly after ignition for one of the studied cases, but presumably included in others. Simulations were performed using a recently developed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodology with detailed chemistry and turbulence-chemistry interaction. Apart from the capability to model flame structures and combustion indicators based on optical diagnostics, heat-release rate trends are predicted accurately at varying boundary conditions. Significant variation in the distribution of low-temperature combustion products under heavy-duty operating conditions are explained using both CFD simulations and a one-dimensional jet model.",
author = "Noud Maes and Nico Dam and Bart Somers and Tommaso Lucchini and Gianluca D'Errico and Gilles Hardy",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "10",
doi = "10.4271/2018-01-1689",
language = "English",
journal = "SAE Technical Papers",
issn = "0148-7191",
publisher = "Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)",
number = "2018-01-01689",

}

Heavy-duty diesel engine spray combustion processes: experiments and numerical simulations. / Maes, Noud; Dam, Nico; Somers, Bart; Lucchini, Tommaso; D'Errico, Gianluca; Hardy, Gilles.

In: SAE Technical Papers, No. 2018-01-01689, 10.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heavy-duty diesel engine spray combustion processes: experiments and numerical simulations

AU - Maes,Noud

AU - Dam,Nico

AU - Somers,Bart

AU - Lucchini,Tommaso

AU - D'Errico,Gianluca

AU - Hardy,Gilles

PY - 2018/9/10

Y1 - 2018/9/10

N2 - A contemporary approach for improving and developing the understanding of heavy-duty Diesel engine combustion processes is to use a concerted effort between experiments at well-characterized boundary conditions and detailed, high-fidelity models. In this paper, combustion processes of n-dodecane fuel sprays under heavy-duty Diesel engine conditions are investigated using this approach. Reacting fuel sprays are studied in a constant-volume pre-burn vessel at an ambient temperature of 900 K with three reference cases having specific combinations of injection pressure, ambient density and ambient oxygen concentration (80, 150 & 160 MPa - 22.8 & 40 kg/m3-15 & 20.5% O2). In addition to a free jet, two different walls were placed inside the combustion vessel to study flame-wall interaction. Experimentally, low- and high-temperature reaction product distributions are imaged simultaneously using single-shot planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of formaldehyde and high-speed line-of-sight imaging of the chemically-excited hydroxyl radical (OH). Interference of soot incandescence in experimental OH∗ recordings is assessed to improve interpretation of the results. Interference by poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) LIF and soot radiation is mostly evaded by evaluating flame structures shortly after ignition for one of the studied cases, but presumably included in others. Simulations were performed using a recently developed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodology with detailed chemistry and turbulence-chemistry interaction. Apart from the capability to model flame structures and combustion indicators based on optical diagnostics, heat-release rate trends are predicted accurately at varying boundary conditions. Significant variation in the distribution of low-temperature combustion products under heavy-duty operating conditions are explained using both CFD simulations and a one-dimensional jet model.

AB - A contemporary approach for improving and developing the understanding of heavy-duty Diesel engine combustion processes is to use a concerted effort between experiments at well-characterized boundary conditions and detailed, high-fidelity models. In this paper, combustion processes of n-dodecane fuel sprays under heavy-duty Diesel engine conditions are investigated using this approach. Reacting fuel sprays are studied in a constant-volume pre-burn vessel at an ambient temperature of 900 K with three reference cases having specific combinations of injection pressure, ambient density and ambient oxygen concentration (80, 150 & 160 MPa - 22.8 & 40 kg/m3-15 & 20.5% O2). In addition to a free jet, two different walls were placed inside the combustion vessel to study flame-wall interaction. Experimentally, low- and high-temperature reaction product distributions are imaged simultaneously using single-shot planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of formaldehyde and high-speed line-of-sight imaging of the chemically-excited hydroxyl radical (OH). Interference of soot incandescence in experimental OH∗ recordings is assessed to improve interpretation of the results. Interference by poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) LIF and soot radiation is mostly evaded by evaluating flame structures shortly after ignition for one of the studied cases, but presumably included in others. Simulations were performed using a recently developed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methodology with detailed chemistry and turbulence-chemistry interaction. Apart from the capability to model flame structures and combustion indicators based on optical diagnostics, heat-release rate trends are predicted accurately at varying boundary conditions. Significant variation in the distribution of low-temperature combustion products under heavy-duty operating conditions are explained using both CFD simulations and a one-dimensional jet model.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056854217&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4271/2018-01-1689

DO - 10.4271/2018-01-1689

M3 - Conference article

JO - SAE Technical Papers

T2 - SAE Technical Papers

JF - SAE Technical Papers

SN - 0148-7191

IS - 2018-01-01689

ER -