We present results of a numerical study of turbulent droplet-laden channel flow with phase transition. Previous studies of the same system did not take into account the presence of gravity. Here, we do so introducing a thin film of water at the bottom wall and permitting droplets to fall into and merge with it. We treat the carrier phase with the Eulerian approach. Each droplet is considered separately in the Lagrangian formulation, adopting the point–particle approximation. We maintain the film thickness constant by draining water from the bottom wall to compensate for (a) the droplets that fall onto the film and (b) evaporation/condensation. We also maintain on average the total mass of water in the channel by inserting new droplets at the top wall to compensate for the water that has been drained from the bottom wall. We analyze the behavior of the statistically averaged gas and droplet quantities focusing on the heat exchange between the two phases. We increase (a) the initial droplet diameter keeping the same initial droplet volume fraction and (b) the initial number of droplets in the channel keeping their diameter the same. In both parameter studies we find that droplets grow less than in the reference case. In case (a) this is explained by the larger velocity with which they travel to the bottom wall and in case (b) by the lower rate of condensation of vapor due to the presence of neighboring droplets.
|International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
|Published - 2016