Healthy low energy redesigns for schools in Delhi: inventory of the current conditions

J.W.P. Vervoort, A.C. Boerstra, M. Virta, A.K. Mishra, M.G.L.C. Loomans, A.J.H. Frijns, J.L.M. Hensen

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India's capital, New Delhi, struggles with high outdoor air pollution and extreme temperatures during summer and winter. Together they are liable to adversely affect health and learning of children in classrooms without mechanical ventilation and cooling. This work targets to provide a guideline on how to sustainably improve the indoor climate quality in such classrooms with a weighing of the measures against investment cost and energy needs. The current conditions in classrooms of 5 schools located in the National Capital Territory of Delhi were analysed. Major parts of these schools were completely reliant on natural ventilation. Thus indoor to outdoor PM2.5 concentration ratio remained close to 1. During summer, indoor temperature rises up to 40 °C. During winter, indoor CO2 concentration can exceed 1150 ppm. Using monitored conditions as input, a TRNSYS base model was created for the classrooms. This model functions as a test environment for proposed interventions towards improving indoor climate quality. The proposed solutions target CO2 level ≤ 1150 ppm, PM2.5 ≤ 25μg/m3 and temperatures within 80% acceptability range of the Indian adaptive thermal comfort model.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Roomvent&Ventilation 2018
Place of PublicationHelsinki
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-952-5236-48-4
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event2018 RoomVent & Ventilation Conference
- Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 2 Jun 20185 Jun 2018


Conference2018 RoomVent & Ventilation Conference
Abbreviated titleRoomvent 2018
Internet address


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