Guard-time design for symmetric synchronization in IEEE 802.15.4 time-slotted channel hopping

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Abstract

Time-Slotted Channel Hopping (TSCH) is considered as one of the most reliable MAC solutions for low- power wireless networking. In order to establish time-slotted communications, this technique requires all nodes to remain synchronized. The synchronization is continuously done through normal communications to compensate the clock drift between different nodes. In this paper, we present a detailed look into the behavior of the IEEE 802.15.4 PHY and MAC in terms of the synchronization task. We show that the relation between timeslot offsets provided by the standard leads to different synchronization error margins for positive and negative relative clock drifts. This is due to the time required for detection of ongoing transmissions at receivers. This may lead to the situation that two nodes are able to communicate in only one direction. Depending on which node is the source node, the available margin to compensate the relative clock drift is different. Accordingly, we provide new values for timeslot offsets to compensate positive and negative relative clock drifts equally. Simulation results confirm that the standard offsets reduce the performance of TSCH due to asymmetric synchronization error handling. The results also show that this negative effect is mitigated by using the new offsets provided in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Spring 2018 - Proceedings
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-6355-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2018
Event87th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Spring 2018 - Porto, Portugal
Duration: 3 Jun 20186 Jun 2018

Conference

Conference87th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Spring 2018
CountryPortugal
CityPorto
Period3/06/186/06/18

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Cite this

Tavakoli, R., Nabi, M., Basten, T., & Goossens, K. (2018). Guard-time design for symmetric synchronization in IEEE 802.15.4 time-slotted channel hopping. In 2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Spring 2018 - Proceedings [8417667] Piscataway: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCSpring.2018.8417667