Growth and characterization of In/sub 1-x/Mn/sub x/As diluted magnetic semiconductors quantum dots

J.L. Primus, K.H. Choi, A. Trampert, A.M. Yakunin, J. Ferre, J.H. Wolter, W. Roy, van, J. De Boeck

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The growth of low-temperature In/sub 1-x/Mn/sub x/As quantum dots (QD) on low-temperature GaAs(001) was investigated. Three different growth conditions with variable As/sub 2/ flux, Mn:In flux ratio and QD layer thickness were studied by atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. All three conditions generated In/sub 1-x/Mn/sub x/As QD with a cubic crystal structure. It is shown that an excess of As/sub 2/ combined with a flux ratio of Mn:In=0.10 and a limited deposited thickness of 5.4ML In/sub 0.59/Mn/sub 0.41/As are the best conditions to obtain symmetric QD coherent to the substrate. Photoluminescence analysis performed on the latter samples showed a narrow band near 1100nm, indicating 3D-confinement of the dots. The magnetic properties of a multilayer of 5.4ML In/sub 0.59/Mn/sub 0.41/As QD were analyzed by magneto-optical Kerr effect at 1.6K. No magnetization could be detected, whereas measurements performed on a multilayer of 2.4ML In/sub 0.59/Mn/sub 0.41/As quantum wells indicated ferromagnetism. The absence of ferromagnetism for the QD is assigned to the superparamagnetism of the islands and the low Mn:In ratio used for the growth. It is suggested that these growth conditions are generating QD with a lower chance for interdot exchange interaction within a layer. [All rights reserved Elsevier]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-43
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume280
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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