Good long-term outcomes of the hip Chiari osteotomy in adolescents and adults with hip dysplasia: a systematic review

Koen Willemsen (Corresponding author), Menco J.S. Niemeyer, Netanja I. Harlianto, Said Sadiqi, Peter R. Seevinck, Ralph J.B. Sakkers, Harrie Weinans, Bart C.H. van der Wal

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    Abstract

    Background and purpose: The Chiari osteotomy was a regular treatment for developmental hip dysplasia before it became mostly reserved as a salvage therapy. However, the long-term survival of the Chiari osteotomy has not been systematically investigated. We investigated the survival time of the Chiari osteotomy until conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with primary hip dysplasia, and factors which correlated with survival, complications, and the improvement measured in radiographic parameters.

    Patients and methods: Studies were included when describing patients (> 16 years) with primary hip dysplasia treated with a Chiari osteotomy procedure with 8 years’ follow-up. Data on patient characteristics, indications, complications, radiographic parameters, and survival time (endpoint: conversion to THA) were extracted.

    Results: 8 studies were included. The average postoperative center–edge angle, acetabular head index, and Sharp angle were generally restored within the target range. 3 studies reported Kaplan-Meier survival rates varying from 96% at 10 years to 72% at 20 years’ follow-up. Negative survival factors were high age at intervention and pre-existing advanced preoperative osteoarthritis. Moreover, reported complications ranged between 0% and 28.3 %.

    Interpretation: The Chiari osteotomy has high reported survival rates and is capable of restoring radiographic hip parameters to healthy values. When carefully selected by young age, and a low osteoarthritis score, patients benefit from the Chiari osteotomy with satisfactory survival rates. The position of the Chiari osteotomy in relation to the periacetabular osteotomies should be further (re-)explored.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)296-302
    Number of pages7
    JournalActa Orthopaedica
    Volume93
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2022

    Funding

    KW and HW have received research grants from the European Government through the Prosperos project by Inter-reg VA Flanders—The Netherlands program, CCI grant no. 2014TC16RFCB046; and KW, HW, PS from the Dutch government through the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO; Applied and Engineering Sciences research programme, project number 15479) in relation to the submitted work. HW has also received a research grant from the Dutch Arthritis Foundation outside the submitted work. PS has owner shares in MRIguidance B.V. not related to the submitted work. MN, SS, NIH, BW, and RS declare no competing interests.

    FundersFunder number
    Dutch government
    European Government
    Interreg VA Flanders—the Netherlands program
    Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek15479
    Cambridge Conservation Initiative2014TC16RFCB046
    Dutch Arthritis Association

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