To simulate transient cavitating pipe flow, the discrete gas cavity model (DGCM) is combined with first-order and second-order finite-volume method (FVM) Godunov-type schemes. The earlier discrete vapor cavity model (DVCM) and DGCM based on the method of characteristics (MOC) are known to produce unrealistic pressure spikes. The new FVM-DGCM extends the previously developed FVM-DVCM through the introduction of a very small amount of free gas at the middle of each computation cell. Importantly, a pressure adjustment procedure is proposed to establish the relation between the cavity and the halves of the reach. Predictions of FVM-DGCM are compared with those of FVM-DVCM and MOC-DGCM and with experimental data. Results show that the proposed model reproduces the experimental pressure histories considerably better than the other two models. In particular, it produces fewer spikes, but-as in the old models-the first pressure peak due to cavity collapse is predicted much better than the subsequent peaks. The second-order FVM-DGCM is found to be accurate and robust, even for Courant numbers significantly less than 1.
|Journal||Journal of Hydraulic Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2018|
- Discrete gas cavity model
- Finite volume method
- Godunov-type scheme
- Pipe flow
- Vaporous cavitation