We consider the problem of global minimization of rational functions on (unconstrained case), and on an open, connected, semi-algebraic subset of , or the (partial) closure of such a set (constrained case). We show that in the univariate case (n = 1), these problems have exact reformulations as semidefinite programming (SDP) problems, by using reformulations introduced in the PhD thesis of Jibetean . This extends the analogous results by Nesterov  for global minimization of univariate polynomials. For the bivariate case (n = 2), we obtain a fully polynomial time approximation scheme (FPTAS) for the unconstrained problem, if an a priori lower bound on the infimum is known, by using results by De Klerk and Pasechnik . For the NP-hard multivariate case, we discuss semidefinite programming-based relaxations for obtaining lower bounds on the infimum, by using results by Parrilo , and Lasserre .