Generation of false data injection attacks using conditional generative adversarial networks

Mostafa Mohammadpourfard, Fateme Ghanaatpishe, Marziyeh Mohammadi, Subhash Lakshminarayana, Mykola Pechenizkiy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The growing adoption of information and communication technologies (ICTs) is enabling intelligent power grid applications. However, strong reliance on ICTs makes the grid susceptible to cyber attacks such as false data injection attacks (FDIAs). This paper shows how deep learning approaches can be used to craft FDIAs against power grid state estimation that can circumvent the grid's bad data detector (BDD). In particular, we utilize conditional Generative Adversarial Networks (cGANs) to learn the distribution of the power grid measurement data and produce fake measurements that are identical in distribution to the real ones. Under the proposed algorithm, the attacker needs to have access to the grid's measurement data and know what data types in order to inject into the measurement system. No other prior knowledge about the grid is required. This type of threat model is novel and has not been considered so far. The simulation results on IEEE 14-bus system shows that FDIAs generated by our best performing cGAN implementation trained using real-world load data sets can bypass the BDD with a very high probability. Moreover, the distance between the distributions of the real and fake measurements (with FDIAs), measured in terms of the Jensen-Shannon divergence has a very low value, which shows the effectiveness of the proposed FDIA design approach.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2020 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe, ISGT-Europe 2020
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781728171005
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2020
Event10th IEEE (PES) Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT Europe 2020) - Virtual, Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 26 Oct 202028 Oct 2020
Conference number: 10


Conference10th IEEE (PES) Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe (ISGT Europe 2020)
Abbreviated titleISGT Europe
Internet address


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