TY - JOUR

T1 - Generalized mode-coupling theory of the glass transition. II. Analytical scaling laws

AU - Luo, Chengjie

AU - Janssen, Liesbeth M.C.

PY - 2020/12/3

Y1 - 2020/12/3

N2 - Generalized mode-coupling theory (GMCT) constitutes a systematically correctable, first-principles theory to study the dynamics of supercooled liquids and the glass transition. It is a hierarchical framework that, through the incorporation of increasingly many particle density correlations, can remedy some of the inherent limitations of the ideal mode-coupling theory (MCT). However, despite MCT’s limitations, the ideal theory also enjoys several remarkable successes, notably including the analytical scaling laws for the α- and β-relaxation dynamics. Here, we mathematically derive similar scaling laws for arbitrary-order multi-point density correlation functions obtained from GMCT under arbitrary mean-field closure levels. More specifically, we analytically derive the asymptotic and preasymptotic solutions for the long-time limits of multi-point density correlators, the critical dynamics with two power-law decays, the factorization scaling laws in the β-relaxation regime, and the time-density superposition principle in the α-relaxation regime. The two characteristic power-law-divergent relaxation times for the two-step decay and the non-trivial relation between their exponents are also obtained. The validity ranges of the leading-order scaling laws are also provided by considering the leading preasymptotic corrections. Furthermore, we test these solutions for the Percus–Yevick hard-sphere system. We demonstrate that GMCT preserves all the celebrated scaling laws of MCT while quantitatively improving the exponents, rendering the theory a promising candidate for an ultimately quantitative first-principles theory of glassy dynamics.

AB - Generalized mode-coupling theory (GMCT) constitutes a systematically correctable, first-principles theory to study the dynamics of supercooled liquids and the glass transition. It is a hierarchical framework that, through the incorporation of increasingly many particle density correlations, can remedy some of the inherent limitations of the ideal mode-coupling theory (MCT). However, despite MCT’s limitations, the ideal theory also enjoys several remarkable successes, notably including the analytical scaling laws for the α- and β-relaxation dynamics. Here, we mathematically derive similar scaling laws for arbitrary-order multi-point density correlation functions obtained from GMCT under arbitrary mean-field closure levels. More specifically, we analytically derive the asymptotic and preasymptotic solutions for the long-time limits of multi-point density correlators, the critical dynamics with two power-law decays, the factorization scaling laws in the β-relaxation regime, and the time-density superposition principle in the α-relaxation regime. The two characteristic power-law-divergent relaxation times for the two-step decay and the non-trivial relation between their exponents are also obtained. The validity ranges of the leading-order scaling laws are also provided by considering the leading preasymptotic corrections. Furthermore, we test these solutions for the Percus–Yevick hard-sphere system. We demonstrate that GMCT preserves all the celebrated scaling laws of MCT while quantitatively improving the exponents, rendering the theory a promising candidate for an ultimately quantitative first-principles theory of glassy dynamics.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85097342010&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/5.0026979

DO - 10.1063/5.0026979

M3 - Article

C2 - 33291926

VL - 153

JO - Journal of Chemical Physics

JF - Journal of Chemical Physics

SN - 0021-9606

IS - 21

M1 - 214506

ER -