Gelatin nanoparticles with enhanced affinity for calcium phosphate

Kambiz Farbod, Mani Diba, Tatiana Zinkevich, Stephan Schmidt, Matthew J. Harrington, Arno P.M. Kentgens, Sander C.G. Leeuwenburgh (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gelatin nanoparticles can be tuned with respect to their drug loading efficiency, degradation rate, and release kinetics, which renders these drug carriers highly suitable for a wide variety of biomedical applications. The ease of functionalization has rendered gelatin an interesting candidate material to introduce specific motifs for selective targeting to specific organs, but gelatin nanoparticles have not yet been modified to increase their affinity to mineralized tissue. By means of conjugating bone-targeting alendronate to biocompatible gelatin nanoparticles, a simple method is developed for the preparation of gelatin nanoparticles which exhibit strong affinity to mineralized surfaces. It has been shown that the degree of alendronate functionalization can be tuned by controlling the glutaraldehyde crosslinking density, the molar ratio between alendronate and glutaraldehyde, as well as the pH of the conjugation reaction. Moreover, it has been shown that the affinity of gelatin nanoparticles to calcium phosphate increases considerably upon functionalization with alendronate. In summary, gelatin nanoparticles have been developed, which exhibit great potential for use in bone-specific drug delivery and regenerative medicine. Targeted drug delivery entails a selective and effective localization of pharmacologically active compounds at predefined targeted site(s), thus minimizing undesired side effects. By means of conjugating bone-targeting alendronate to biocompatible gelatin nanoparticles, a simple method is developed for the preparation of gelatin nanoparticles that exhibit great potential for use in bone-specific drug delivery and regenerative medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-729
Number of pages13
JournalMacromolecular Bioscience
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bisphosphonates
  • bone-specific
  • conjugation
  • gelatin nanoparticles
  • targeted delivery

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