Gaze patterns in pedestrian interaction with vehicles: towards effective design of external human-machine interfaces for automated vehicles

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In road-crossing situations involving negotiation with approaching vehicles, pedestrians need to take into account the behavior of the car before making a decision. To investigate the kind of information about the car that pedestrians seek, and the places where do they look for it, we conducted an eye-tracking study with 26 participants and analyzed the fixation behavior when interacting with a manually-driven vehicle that approached while slowing and displaying a yielding behavior. Results show that a clear pattern of gaze behavior exists for pedestrians in looking at a vehicle during road-crossing situations as a function of the vehicle's distance. When the car is far away, pedestrians look at the environment or the road space ahead of the car. With the approach, the gaze gradually shifts to the windshield of the car. We conclude by discussing the implications of this insight in the user-centered-design of optimal external Human-Machine-Interfaces for automated vehicles.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAutomotiveUI '19 Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages369-378
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-6884-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2019
Event11th International ACM Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications (AutomotiveUI 2019) - Utrecht, Netherlands
Duration: 22 Sep 201925 Sep 2019
Conference number: '19
https://www.auto-ui.org/19/

Conference

Conference11th International ACM Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications (AutomotiveUI 2019)
Abbreviated titleAutomotiveUI
CountryNetherlands
CityUtrecht
Period22/09/1925/09/19
Internet address

Keywords

  • Eye-tracking
  • Pedestrian behavior
  • Real-world study
  • Vehicle-pedestrian interaction
  • Vulnerable road user (VRU)

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