Fowler - Nordheim (FN) tunnel current and oxide reliability of PMOS capacitors with a p+ polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) and polycrystalline germanium-silicon (poly-Ge0.3Si0.7) gate on 5.6-nm thick gate oxides have been compared. It is shown that the FN current depends on the gate material and the bias polarity. The tunneling barrier heights, φB, have been determined from FN-plots. The larger barrier height for negative bias, compared to positive bias, suggests that electron injection takes place from the valence band of the gate. This barrier height for the GeSi gate is 0.4 eV lower than for the Si gate due to the higher valence band edge position. Charge-to-breakdown (Qbd) measurements show improved oxide reliability of the GeSi gate on of PMOS capacitors with 5.6 nm thick gate oxide. We confirm that workfunction engineering in deepsubmicron MOS technologies using poly-GeSi gates is possible without limiting effects of the gate currents and oxide reliability.
- Deep-submicron MOS technology
- Oxide reliability
- Valence band tunneling