Gas-phase plasma synthesis of free-standing silicon nanoparticles for future energy applications

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Silicon nanoparticles (Si-NPs) are considered as possible candidates for a wide spectrum of future technological applications. Research in the last decades has shown that plasmas are one of the most suitable environments for the synthesis of Si-NPs. This review discusses the unique size-dependent features of Si-NPs, and the fundamental mechanisms of nanoparticle formation in plasmas by highlighting major plasma synthesis techniques. In addition, the routes to achieve control on Si-NP morphology and chemistry in plasma environments will be discussed. We will review recent advancements in solar cell and lithium-ion battery applications of gas-phase plasma synthesized Si-NPs by highlighting key results from the literature. We will discuss further technological applications, where gas-phase plasma synthesized Si-NPs can contribute, like water splitting and thermoelectrics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-53
Number of pages35
JournalPlasma Processes and Polymers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • downstream plasma
  • nanofabrication
  • nucleation
  • plasma polymerization
  • silicon nanoparticle


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