From structure to process, from organ to cell : recent developments of FE-analysis in orthopaedic biomechanics

H.W.J. Huiskes, S.J. Hollister

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    Abstract

    The introduction of finite element analysis (FEA) into orthopaedic biomechanics allowed continuum structural analysis of bone and bone-implant composites of complicated shapes (Huiskes and Chao, J. Biomechs., vol.16, p.385-409, 1983). However, besides having complicated shapes, musculoskeletal tissues are hierarchical composites with multiple structural levels that adapt to their mechanical environment. Mechanical adaptation influences the success of many orthopaedic treatments, especially total joint replacements. Recent advances in FEA applications have begun to address questions concerning the optimality of bone structure, the processes of bone remodeling, the mechanics of soft hydrated tissues, and the mechanics of tissues down to the microstructural and cell levels. Advances in each of these areas, which have brought FEA from a continuum stress analysis tool to a tool which plays an ever-increasing role in the scientific understanding of tissue structure, adaptation, and the optimal design of orthopaedic implants, are reviewed
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)520-527
    JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering : Transactions of the ASME
    Volume115
    Issue number4B
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1993

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