From modeling to implementation of virtual sensors in body sensor networks

N. Raveendranathan, S. Galzarano, V. Loseu, R. Gravina, R. Giannantonio, M. Sgroi, R. Jafari, G. Fortino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

110 Citations (Scopus)


Body Sensor Networks (BSNs) represent an emerging technology which has received much attention recently due to its enormous potential to enable remote, real-time, continuous and non-invasive monitoring of people in health-care, entertainment, fitness, sport, social interaction. Signal processing for BSNs usually comprises of multiple levels of data abstraction, from raw sensor data to data calculated from processing steps such as feature extraction and classification. This paper presents a multi-layer task model based on the concept of Virtual Sensors to improve architecture modularity and design reusability. Virtual Sensors are abstractions of components of BSN systems that include sensor sampling and processing tasks and provide data upon external requests. The Virtual Sensor model implementation relies on SPINE2, an open source domain-specific framework that is designed to support distributed sensing operations and signal processing for wireless sensor networks and enables code reusability, efficiency, and application interoperability. The proposed model is applied in the context of gait analysis through wearable sensors. A gait analysis system is developed according to a SPINE2-based Virtual Sensor architecture and experimentally evaluated. Obtained results confirm that great effectiveness can be achieved in designing and implementing BSN applications through the Virtual Sensor approach while maintaining high efficiency and accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-593
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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