From long laboratory spark to lightning

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

Abstract

We investigate the growth of meter-length discharges with a 2 MV Marx generator. A high-voltage divider and separate current probes mounted on two cone shaped electrodes provide the electrical parameters. Two LaBr3 detectors recorded the emerging X-rays. Two 0.2 ns fast ICCD cameras provide optical images of the growing discharge; when triggered sequentially, the cameras also determine the propagation direction of the discharge fronts. At negative high-voltage, we observed bipolar phenomena at some distance from the negative leader tip. Negative streamers originate from the leader and leave ionized channels behind. But also positive streamer heads show up and these move towards the leader. X-ray detection coincides with the collision of positive streamers and negative leader. Later on, space leaders are observed to form. Our laboratory observations look similar to the step-wise propagation of natural lightning.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPresentation at the American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA
Place of PublicationSan Francisco
PublisherAGU
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Eventconference; American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA -
Duration: 1 Jan 2013 → …

Conference

Conferenceconference; American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA
Period1/01/13 → …
OtherAmerican Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA

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lightning
sparks
high voltages
cameras
propagation
dividers
emerging
cones
x rays
generators
collisions
electrodes
probes
detectors

Cite this

Kochkin, P., Deursen, van, A. P. J., & Ebert, U. (2013). From long laboratory spark to lightning. In Presentation at the American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA San Francisco: AGU.
Kochkin, P. ; Deursen, van, A.P.J. ; Ebert, Ute. / From long laboratory spark to lightning. Presentation at the American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA. San Francisco : AGU, 2013.
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title = "From long laboratory spark to lightning",
abstract = "We investigate the growth of meter-length discharges with a 2 MV Marx generator. A high-voltage divider and separate current probes mounted on two cone shaped electrodes provide the electrical parameters. Two LaBr3 detectors recorded the emerging X-rays. Two 0.2 ns fast ICCD cameras provide optical images of the growing discharge; when triggered sequentially, the cameras also determine the propagation direction of the discharge fronts. At negative high-voltage, we observed bipolar phenomena at some distance from the negative leader tip. Negative streamers originate from the leader and leave ionized channels behind. But also positive streamer heads show up and these move towards the leader. X-ray detection coincides with the collision of positive streamers and negative leader. Later on, space leaders are observed to form. Our laboratory observations look similar to the step-wise propagation of natural lightning.",
author = "P. Kochkin and {Deursen, van}, A.P.J. and Ute Ebert",
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booktitle = "Presentation at the American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA",
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Kochkin, P, Deursen, van, APJ & Ebert, U 2013, From long laboratory spark to lightning. in Presentation at the American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA. AGU, San Francisco, conference; American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA, 1/01/13.

From long laboratory spark to lightning. / Kochkin, P.; Deursen, van, A.P.J.; Ebert, Ute.

Presentation at the American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA. San Francisco : AGU, 2013.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

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AU - Kochkin, P.

AU - Deursen, van, A.P.J.

AU - Ebert, Ute

PY - 2013

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N2 - We investigate the growth of meter-length discharges with a 2 MV Marx generator. A high-voltage divider and separate current probes mounted on two cone shaped electrodes provide the electrical parameters. Two LaBr3 detectors recorded the emerging X-rays. Two 0.2 ns fast ICCD cameras provide optical images of the growing discharge; when triggered sequentially, the cameras also determine the propagation direction of the discharge fronts. At negative high-voltage, we observed bipolar phenomena at some distance from the negative leader tip. Negative streamers originate from the leader and leave ionized channels behind. But also positive streamer heads show up and these move towards the leader. X-ray detection coincides with the collision of positive streamers and negative leader. Later on, space leaders are observed to form. Our laboratory observations look similar to the step-wise propagation of natural lightning.

AB - We investigate the growth of meter-length discharges with a 2 MV Marx generator. A high-voltage divider and separate current probes mounted on two cone shaped electrodes provide the electrical parameters. Two LaBr3 detectors recorded the emerging X-rays. Two 0.2 ns fast ICCD cameras provide optical images of the growing discharge; when triggered sequentially, the cameras also determine the propagation direction of the discharge fronts. At negative high-voltage, we observed bipolar phenomena at some distance from the negative leader tip. Negative streamers originate from the leader and leave ionized channels behind. But also positive streamer heads show up and these move towards the leader. X-ray detection coincides with the collision of positive streamers and negative leader. Later on, space leaders are observed to form. Our laboratory observations look similar to the step-wise propagation of natural lightning.

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Presentation at the American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA

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Kochkin P, Deursen, van APJ, Ebert U. From long laboratory spark to lightning. In Presentation at the American Geoscience Union Fall Meeting 9-13 December 2013, San Francisco, USA. San Francisco: AGU. 2013