Branched hydrocarbon propellers (9 and 12) were prepared by stepwise palladium-catalyzed Hagihara-Sonogashira coupling reactions and Diels-Alder cycloadditions and submitted to oxidative cyclodehydrogenation by FeCl 3 to afford two new giant graphite disks 2 and 3 with 3-fold symmetry in high yield. One of the precursors, the polyphenylene dendrimer 9 containing 150 carbon atoms, was crystallographically characterized. The poorly soluble graphite disks were characterized by isotope-resolved MALDI-TOF mass spectroscopy, and their electronic and vibrational properties were investigated by solid-state UV-vis and Raman spectroscopy. The effect of molecular size and geometry on their properties was discussed. The molecule 2 represents the largest, 3-fold-symmetric all-benzenoid graphite disk, and the five-membered rings in molecule 3 open the opportunity to synthesize large bowl-shaped PAHs.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Organic Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Aug 2004|