Free and bound chloride contents in cementitious materials

M.V.A. Marinescu, H.J.H. Brouwers

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Chloride attack is the main cause of structural damage in reinforced concrete buildings exposed to marine environments. When a certain threshold concentration of chlorides is reached at the concrete-reinforcement interface, the corrosion of the steel rebars is initiated. A part of the intruding chloride ions will be retained by the hydration products of the binder in concrete, either through chemical binding or by physical adsorption. Therefore, chloride binding can delay the achieving of the threshold chloride concentration at the level of the reinforcement by removing chloride ions from the pore solution. Quantifying the chloride binding process helps predict the service-life of reinforced concrete structures exposed to chloride attack, and allows for a better planning of their maintenance and repair periods. Another important purpose of studying chloride binding is the design of new cement mixes that are able to slow down chloride intrusion, thus improving the durability of future marine structures. Since the hydration products of cement are responsible for the chloride binding in concrete, this study will focus on the chloride binding in hardened cement paste. A new reaction model will be used in order to predict the hydration products and their relative amounts in an OPC hardened paste. The final scope is to develop an algorithm in order to evaluate the chloride binding capacity of a given cement paste. Two main chloride binding mechanisms – through physical adsorption and through chemical reactions- were taken into account. The model also estimates the amounts of capillary and gel water, thus permitting the calculation of the maximum amount of free chloride ions in the pore solution.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings 8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering
EditorsG. Fischer, M. Geiker, O. Hededal, L. Ottoson, H. Stang
Place of PublicationLyngby
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 20 Jun 201023 Jun 2010


Conference8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering
Other8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering


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