The numerical solution of linear discrete ill-posed problems typically requires regularization. Two of the most popular regularization methods are due to Tikhonov and Lavrentiev. These methods require the choice of a regularization matrix. Common choices include the identity matrix and finite difference approximations of a derivative operator. It is the purpose of the present paper to explore the use of fractional powers of the matrices A^TA (for Tikhonov regularization) and A (for Lavrentiev regularization) as regularization matrices, where A is the matrix that defines the linear discrete ill-posed problem. Both small and large-scale problems are considered.
Keywords: Ill-posed problem; fractional Tikhonov regularization; fractional Lavrentiev regularization; fractional power regularization matrix