Objectives: We investigated the reliability of fractional flow reserve (FFR) of nonculprit coronary stenoses during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction. Background Assessing the hemodynamic severity of the nonculprit coronary artery stenoses at the acute phase of a myocardial infarction could improve risk stratification and shorten the diagnostic work-up. Methods One hundred one patients undergoing PCI for an acute myocardial infarction (n = 75 with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI], and n = 26 with nonST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) were prospectively recruited. The FFR measurements in 112 nonculprit stenoses were obtained immediately after PCI of the culprit stenosis and were repeated 35 ± 4 days later. In addition, left ventricular ejection fraction, quantitative coronary angiographic measurements of the nonculprit stenoses, Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow, corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC), and the index of microcirculatory resistance (n = 14) of the nonculprit vessels were assessed in the acute phase and at control angiogram. Results The FFR value of the nonculprit stenoses did not change between the acute and follow-up (0.77 ± 0.13 vs. 0.77 ± 0.13, respectively, p = NS). In only 2 patients, the FFR value was higher than 0.8 at the acute phase and lower than 0.75 at follow-up. The TIMI flow, cTFC, percentage diameter stenosis, minimum lumen diameter, and index of microcirculatory resistance did not change. Left ventricular ejection fraction increased significantly in patients with STEMI (from 54 ± 13% to 57 ± 13%, p = 0.03). Conclusions During the acute phase of acute coronary syndromes, the severity of nonculprit coronary artery stenoses can reliably be assessed by FFR. This allows a decision about the need for additional revascularization and might contribute to a better risk stratification.
- acute myocardial infarction
- fractional flow reserve
- nonculprit coronary artery stenosis