Formulation of mortars with nano-SiO2 and nano-TiO2 for degradation of pollutants in buildings

L. Senff, D.M. Tobaldi, Sandra S. Lucas, D. Hotza, V.M. Ferreira, J.A. Labrincha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports on the design of cement mortars that use nano-SiO 2 (nS) and nano-TiO2 (nT) particles, aiming to improve the durability of traditional building materials while giving new functionalities (aerial decontamination of pollutants). Samples with 0-2 wt.% nS, 0-20 wt.% nT, 0.45-7 wt.% superplasticizer (SP) and 0.45-0.58 water/binder weight ratio were prepared. The formulations of mortars were defined according to rheology and flow table measurements, then showing suitable workability. The temperature of hydration, compressive strength, water absorption, and photocatalytic degradation of pollutants (NOx and Orange II dye) were also evaluated. In general, the rheological behavior and the temperature of hydration changed in distinct levels, depending on the dosage and type of nanoadditives, but nT influenced more significantly the results. However, such differences were not identified on the compressive strength and water absorption. In addition, NOx photocatalytic degradation up to 1 h under solar light ranged from 65% to 80%, while Orange II degradation after 9 h under visible light changed from 18% to 50%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalComposites. Part B: Engineering
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • A. Ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs)
  • A. Smart materials
  • B. Rheological properties

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Formulation of mortars with nano-SiO<sub>2</sub> and nano-TiO<sub>2</sub> for degradation of pollutants in buildings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this