Folding polyominoes with holes into a cube

Oswin Aichholzer, Hugo A. Akitaya, Kenneth C. Cheung, Erik D. Demaine, Martin L. Demaine, Sándor P. Fekete, Linda Kleist, Irina Kostitsyna, Maarten Löffler, Zuzana Masárová, Klara Mundilova, Christiane Schmidt (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


When can a polyomino piece of paper be folded into a unit cube? Prior work studied tree-like polyominoes, but polyominoes with holes remain an intriguing open problem. We present sufficient conditions for a polyomino with one or several holes to fold into a cube, and conditions under which cube folding is impossible. In particular, we show that all but five special “basic” holes guarantee foldability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101700
Number of pages14
JournalComputational Geometry
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Cube
  • Folding
  • Non-simple polyomino
  • Origami folding
  • Polyomino with holes


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