Focus framework: tracking prototypes' back-talk

Markus Lorenz Schilling, Ron Wakkary, William Odom

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an analytical approach that we call the focus framework. The framework aids the analysis of the intended and unintended design attributes that emerge within a project's design process. The framework helps to reveal how prototypes and decision making interact together to shape the final design features and make visible the trajectory of central design attributes and unexplored alternatives. In this paper, we report on the framework and its development by way of a retrospective analysis of a tangible light installation we designed known as the Urban Data Posts. We see the potential for designers to use the focus framework as a post-mortem tool to retrospectively analyze their own work and thus inform their design practice. The knowledge gained through the analysis can then be applied in future projects more generatively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTEI 2018 - Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)978-1-4503-5568-1
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2018
Event12th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction (TEI 2018) - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 18 Mar 201821 Mar 2018
Conference number: 12


Conference12th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction (TEI 2018)
Abbreviated titleTEI 2018
Internet address


  • Annotated portfolio
  • Design
  • Installation
  • Prototyping
  • Public display
  • Research through design
  • Sensing
  • Theory


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