Fluid-structure interaction with pipe-wall viscoelasticity during water hammer

A. Keramat, A.S. Tijsseling, Q. Hou, A. Ahmadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

143 Citations (Scopus)
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Fluid–structure interaction (FSI) due to water hammer in a pipeline which has viscoelastic wall behaviour is studied. Appropriate governing equations are derived and numerically solved. In the numerical implementation of the hydraulic and structural equations, viscoelasticity is incorporated using the Kelvin–Voigt mechanical model. The equations are solved by two different approaches, namely the Method of Characteristics–Finite Element Method (MOC-FEM) and full MOC. In both approaches two important effects of FSI in fluid-filled pipes, namely Poisson and junction coupling, are taken into account. The study proposes a more comprehensive model for studying fluid transients in pipelines as compared to previous works, which take into account either FSI or viscoelasticity. To verify the proposed mathematical model and its numerical solutions, the following problems are investigated: axial vibration of a viscoelastic bar subjected to a step uniaxial loading, FSI in an elastic pipe, and hydraulic transients in a pressurised polyethylene pipe without FSI. The results of each case are checked with available exact and experimental results. Then, to study the simultaneous effects of FSI and viscoelasticity, which is the new element of the present research, one problem is solved by the two different numerical approaches. Both numerical methods give the same results, thus confirming the correctness of the solutions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-456
JournalJournal of Fluids and Structures
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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