Floorplan and placement methodology for improved energy reduction in stacked power-domain design

K. Blutman, H. Fatemi, A.B. Kahng, A. Kapoor, J. Li, J.P. de Gyvez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Energy and battery lifetime constraints are critical challenges to IC designs. Stacked power-domain implementation, which stacks voltage domains in a design, can effectively improve the power delivery efficiency and thus improve battery lifetime. However, such an approach requires balanced current between different domains across multiple operating scenarios. Furthermore, level shifter insertion (together with shifters' delay impacts), along with placement constraints imposed by power domain regions, can incur power and area penalties. To our knowledge, no existing work performs sub-block-level partitioning optimization for stacked-domain designs. In this paper, we present an optimization framework for stacked-domain designs. Based on an initial placement solution, we apply a flow-based partitioning that is aware of multiple operating scenarios, cell placement, and timing-critical paths to partition cells into two power domains with balanced current and minimized number of inserted level shifters. We further propose heuristics to define regions for each power domain so as to minimize placement perturbation, as well as a dynamic programming-based method to minimize the area cost of power domain generation. In an updated floorplan, we perform matching-based optimization to insert level shifters with minimized wirelength penalty. Overall, our method achieves more than ∼10% and 3X battery lifetime improvements in function and sleep modes, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 22nd Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2017
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages444-449
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-1558-0
ISBN (Print)978-1-5090-1559-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2017
Event22nd Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference (ASP-DAC 2017), Januari 16-19, 2017, Chiba, Japan - Chiba, Japan
Duration: 16 Jan 201719 Jan 2017

Conference

Conference22nd Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference (ASP-DAC 2017), Januari 16-19, 2017, Chiba, Japan
Abbreviated titleASP-DAC 2017
CountryJapan
CityChiba
Period16/01/1719/01/17

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