One of the main limitations of cesium atomic fountains has been the cold collision frequency shift. By using a method based on a transfer of population by adiabatic passage allowing to prepare cold atomic samples with a well defined ratio of atomic density as well as atom number the collisional shift is controlled at the 10E-3 of its value. A calibration of Zeeman sub-states contribution to the clock shift as a function of the field has been performed. Feshbach resonances have been observed for the first time at very low magnetic field and with a very good resolution. A Monte Carlo simulation has been performed and could fit properly some of experimental data. This constrains some parameters of the theory of collisions.
|Journal||arXiv.org, e-Print Archive, Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2004|
- Physics - Atomic Physics
- Condensed Matter - Other