Fire safety assessment in semi-open car parks

M.G.M. Heijden, van der, M.G.L.C. Loomans, A.D. Lemaire, J.L.M. Hensen

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Abstract

Guidelines for the safe design of semi-open car parks require a minimum amount of open façade in order to ensure an effective removal of heat and smoke during a car fire. In this study the fire safety level is assessed by the use of validated Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations of different design variants. The fire safety is assessed using temperature and sight length criteria for safe deployment of the fire department. Results show that 3 out of 7 studied variants did not meet these criteria. It is therefore concluded that it is possible to design semi-open car parks which comply with current Dutch guidelines, yet when assessed with criteria for safe deployment of the fire brigade have an insufficient fire safety level.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th Conference of the International Building Performance Simulation Association, Sysney, Australia, November 2011
EditorsH. Bennetts, P. Bannister, P.C. Thomas, D. Leach, V. Soebarto
Place of PublicationSydney
PublisherIBPSA Australasia & AIRAH
Pages2843-2850
ISBN (Print)978-0-646-56510-1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event12th International IBPSA Building Simulation Conference (BS 2011), November 14-16, 2011, Sydney, Australia - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 14 Nov 201116 Nov 2011

Conference

Conference12th International IBPSA Building Simulation Conference (BS 2011), November 14-16, 2011, Sydney, Australia
Abbreviated titleBS 2011
Country/TerritoryAustralia
CitySydney
Period14/11/1116/11/11

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