Finite-dimensional turbulence of planetary waves

V.S. L'vov, A. Pomyalov, I. Procaccia, O. Rudenko

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    Abstract

    Finite-dimensional wave turbulence refers to the chaotic dynamics of interacting wave "clusters" consisting of finite number of connected wave triads with exact three-wave resonances. We examine this phenomenon using the example of atmospheric planetary (Rossby) waves. It is shown that the dynamics of the clusters is determined by the types of connections between neighboring triads within a cluster; these correspond to substantially different scenarios of energy flux between different triads. All the possible cases of the energy cascade termination are classified. Free and forced chaotic dynamics in the clusters are investigated: due to the huge fluctuations of the energy exchange between resonant triads these two types of evolution have a lot in common. It is confirmed that finite-dimensional wave turbulence in finite wave systems is fundamentally different from kinetic wave turbulence in infinite systems; the latter is described by wave-kinetic equations that account for interactions with overlapping quasiresonances of finite amplitude waves. The present results are directly applicable to finite-dimensional wave turbulence in any wave system in finite domains with three-mode interactions as encountered in hydrodynamics, astronomy, plasma physics, chemistry, medicine, etc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number066319
    Pages (from-to)066319-1/25
    Number of pages25
    JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
    Volume80
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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