Finding Kairos: the influence of context-based timing on compliance with well-being triggers

J.R.C. Ham, J.A. van Schendel, S. Koldijk, E. Demerouti

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

For healthy computer use, frequent, short breaks are crucial. This research investigated whether context-aware persuasive technology can identify opportune and effective moments (of high user motivation and ability to perform target behavior) for triggering short breaks fostering symbiotic interactions between e-Coaching e-Health technology and users. In Study 1, office workers rated their motivation and ability to take a short break (probed at random moments). Simultaneously their computer activity was recorded. Results showed that computer activity (time since last break; change in computer activity level) can predict moments of high and low (perceived) ability (but not motivation) to take a short break. Study 2 showed that when office workers received triggers (to take a short break) at moments of high (vs. low) ability (predicted based on computer activity), compliance increased 70%. These results show that context information can be used to identify opportune moments, at which persuasive triggers are more effective.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSymbiotic Interaction
Subtitle of host publication5th International Workshop, Symbiotic 2016, Padua, Italy, September 29–30, 2016, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsL. Gamberini, A. Spagnoli, G. Jacucci, B. Blankertz, J. Freeman
Place of PublicationDordrecht
PublisherSpringer
Pages89-101
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-57753-1
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-57752-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event5th International Workshop on Symbiotic Interaction (SYMBIOTIC 2016) - Padua, Italy
Duration: 29 Sep 201630 Sep 2016
Conference number: 5

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume9961
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349

Conference

Conference5th International Workshop on Symbiotic Interaction (SYMBIOTIC 2016)
Abbreviated titleSYMBIOTIC 2016
CountryItaly
CityPadua
Period29/09/1630/09/16

Fingerprint

Trigger
Compliance
Timing
Moment
Persuasive Technology
Context-aware
Health
Context
Influence
Predict
Target
Interaction

Keywords

  • e-Coaching
  • e-Health
  • Kairos
  • Persuasive technology
  • Triggers
  • Well-being

Cite this

Ham, J. R. C., van Schendel, J. A., Koldijk, S., & Demerouti, E. (2017). Finding Kairos: the influence of context-based timing on compliance with well-being triggers. In L. Gamberini, A. Spagnoli, G. Jacucci, B. Blankertz, & J. Freeman (Eds.), Symbiotic Interaction: 5th International Workshop, Symbiotic 2016, Padua, Italy, September 29–30, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 89-101). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 9961). Dordrecht: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57753-1_8
Ham, J.R.C. ; van Schendel, J.A. ; Koldijk, S. ; Demerouti, E. / Finding Kairos : the influence of context-based timing on compliance with well-being triggers. Symbiotic Interaction: 5th International Workshop, Symbiotic 2016, Padua, Italy, September 29–30, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. editor / L. Gamberini ; A. Spagnoli ; G. Jacucci ; B. Blankertz ; J. Freeman. Dordrecht : Springer, 2017. pp. 89-101 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).
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Ham, JRC, van Schendel, JA, Koldijk, S & Demerouti, E 2017, Finding Kairos: the influence of context-based timing on compliance with well-being triggers. in L Gamberini, A Spagnoli, G Jacucci, B Blankertz & J Freeman (eds), Symbiotic Interaction: 5th International Workshop, Symbiotic 2016, Padua, Italy, September 29–30, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 9961, Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 89-101, 5th International Workshop on Symbiotic Interaction (SYMBIOTIC 2016), Padua, Italy, 29/09/16. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57753-1_8

Finding Kairos : the influence of context-based timing on compliance with well-being triggers. / Ham, J.R.C.; van Schendel, J.A.; Koldijk, S.; Demerouti, E.

Symbiotic Interaction: 5th International Workshop, Symbiotic 2016, Padua, Italy, September 29–30, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. ed. / L. Gamberini; A. Spagnoli; G. Jacucci; B. Blankertz; J. Freeman. Dordrecht : Springer, 2017. p. 89-101 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 9961).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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AB - For healthy computer use, frequent, short breaks are crucial. This research investigated whether context-aware persuasive technology can identify opportune and effective moments (of high user motivation and ability to perform target behavior) for triggering short breaks fostering symbiotic interactions between e-Coaching e-Health technology and users. In Study 1, office workers rated their motivation and ability to take a short break (probed at random moments). Simultaneously their computer activity was recorded. Results showed that computer activity (time since last break; change in computer activity level) can predict moments of high and low (perceived) ability (but not motivation) to take a short break. Study 2 showed that when office workers received triggers (to take a short break) at moments of high (vs. low) ability (predicted based on computer activity), compliance increased 70%. These results show that context information can be used to identify opportune moments, at which persuasive triggers are more effective.

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Ham JRC, van Schendel JA, Koldijk S, Demerouti E. Finding Kairos: the influence of context-based timing on compliance with well-being triggers. In Gamberini L, Spagnoli A, Jacucci G, Blankertz B, Freeman J, editors, Symbiotic Interaction: 5th International Workshop, Symbiotic 2016, Padua, Italy, September 29–30, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Dordrecht: Springer. 2017. p. 89-101. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57753-1_8