This paper applies the classical prediction error method (PEM) to the estimation of nonlinear discrete-time models of neuronal systems subject to input-additive noise. While the nonlinear system exhibits excitability, bifurcations, and limit-cycle oscillations, we prove consistency of the parameter estimation procedure under output feedback. Hence, this paper provides a rigorous framework for the application of conventional nonlinear system identification methods to discrete-time stochastic neuronal systems. The main result exploits the elementary property that conductance-based models of neurons have an exponentially contracting inverse dynamics. This property is implied by the voltage-clamp experiment, which has been the fundamental modeling experiment of neurons ever since the pioneering work of Hodgkin and Huxley.
- Closed-loop identification
- Contraction analysis
- Neuronal models
- Nonlinear system identification
- Prediction error methods