Fasting-induced myocardial lipid accumulation in long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase knockout mice is accompanied by impaired left ventricular function

A.J. Bakermans, T.R. Geraedts, M. Weeghel, van, S.W. Denis, M. Jaoa Ferraz, J.M.F.G. Aerts, J. Aten, K. Nicolay, S.M. Houten, J.J. Prompers

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    49 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background—Lipotoxicity may be a key contributor to the pathogenesis of cardiac abnormalities in mitochondrial long-chain fatty acid ß-oxidation (FAO) disorders. Few data are available on myocardial lipid levels and cardiac performance in FAO deficiencies. The purpose of this animal study is to assess fasting-induced changes in cardiac morphology, function, and triglyceride (TG) storage as a consequence of FAO deficiency in a noninvasive fashion. Methods and Results—MRI and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) were applied in vivo in long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD) knockout (KO) mice and wild-type (WT) mice (n=8 per genotype). Fasting was used to increase the heart's dependency on FAO for maintenance of energy homeostasis. In vivo data were complemented with ex vivo measurements of myocardial lipids. Left ventricular (LV) mass was higher in LCAD KO mice compared with WT mice (P
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)558-565
    JournalCirculation. Cardiovascular Imaging
    Volume4
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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