Fast and Accurate Pressure-Drop Prediction in Straightened Atherosclerotic Coronary Arteries

J.T.C. Schrauwen, D. J. Koeze, J. J. Wentzel, F. N. van de Vosse, A. F. W. van der Steen, F. J. H. Gijsen

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Abstract

Atherosclerotic disease progression in coronary arteries is influenced by wall shear stress. To compute patient-specific wall shear stress, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is required. In this study we propose a method for computing the pressure-drop in regions proximal and distal to a plaque, which can serve as a boundary condition in CFD. As a first step towards exploring the proposed method we investigated ten straightened coronary arteries. First, the flow fields were calculated with CFD and velocity profiles were fitted on the results. Second, the Navier–Stokes equation was simplified and solved with the found velocity profiles to obtain a pressure-drop estimate (Δp(1)). Next, Δp(1) was compared to the pressure-drop from CFD (ΔpCFD) as a validation step. Finally, the velocity profiles, and thus the pressure-drop were predicted based on geometry and flow, resulting in Δpgeom. We found that Δp(1) adequately estimated ΔpCFD with velocity profiles that have one free parameter β. This β was successfully related to geometry and flow, resulting in an excellent agreement between ΔpCFD and Δpgeom: 3.9 ± 4.9% difference at Re = 150. We showed that this method can quickly and accurately predict pressure-drop on the basis of geometry and flow in straightened coronary arteries that are mildly diseased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Pressure drop
Coronary Vessels
Computational fluid dynamics
Pressure
Hydrodynamics
Geometry
Shear stress
Disease Progression
Coronary Artery Disease
Flow fields
Boundary conditions

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • CFD
  • Coronary arteries
  • Geometry-based
  • Navier–Stokes equation
  • Pressure-drop

Cite this

Schrauwen, J.T.C. ; Koeze, D. J. ; Wentzel, J. J. ; van de Vosse, F. N. ; van der Steen, A. F. W. ; Gijsen, F. J. H. / Fast and Accurate Pressure-Drop Prediction in Straightened Atherosclerotic Coronary Arteries. In: Annals of Biomedical Engineering. 2014 ; Vol. 43, No. 1. pp. 59-67.
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Fast and Accurate Pressure-Drop Prediction in Straightened Atherosclerotic Coronary Arteries. / Schrauwen, J.T.C.; Koeze, D. J.; Wentzel, J. J.; van de Vosse, F. N.; van der Steen, A. F. W.; Gijsen, F. J. H.

In: Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2014, p. 59-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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