In current design rules the effect of a haunch on the sway in-plane stability of a steel portal frame only takes into account the influence of the haunch dimensions on the beam-to-column connection strength and stiffness. The effect of the haunch dimensions on the beam behavior, and thus on the frame behavior, is not included. The paper describes the effect of this phenomenon by regarding current design methods and comparing these with analytical solutions. The validity of the methods is covered by numerical simulations. For a vertical beam loading, the larger the span of the portal frame, the higher the compressive force in the beam becomes. In addition, the longer the span of the frame, the smaller the critical buckling load of the beam becomes. This decreases the stability of the overall frame significantly. In fact, the compressive force in the beam of a portal frame has a significant effect on the additional stiffness the haunch provides to the column. Due to the adjusted center line of the haunch causing an eccentricity, an additional first order moment is generated. This additional internal moment reduces the additional stiffness the haunch provides. For some spans this may even cause the additional stiffness of the haunch to be negligible. The research has given more insight, also on the effect of the shift of the compressive force in the beam, which depends on the geometry of the haunch. The study resulted in two simple correction factors for the current design rules, where these correction factors cover amplification factors for the original stiffness of the beam. The factors depend on the kind of loading (point load or equally distributed load) and on the haunch to rafter ratio (with regard to the length of the haunch as well as with regard to the height of the haunch).
|Title of host publication||8th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures (EUROSTEEL 2017), September 13-15, 2017, Copenhagen, Denmark|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|Event||8th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures (EUROSTEEL 2017), September 13-15, 2017, Copenhagen, Denmark - Copenhagen, Denmark|
Duration: 13 Sep 2017 → 15 Sep 2017
|Conference||8th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures (EUROSTEEL 2017), September 13-15, 2017, Copenhagen, Denmark|
|Period||13/09/17 → 15/09/17|